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Ernst Kudusov

The Demographic Problems of Russia on the Threshold of the Millenniums or Russia after the Revolution of 1991

     One and a half decade passed after the collapse and falling into 15 parts of the last archaic empire on Earth called the Soviet Union. In fact the Soviet Union was an Empire of slaves, created instead of the Empire of slaves and masters (according to the apt note made by Lermontov M.U. – “the state of slaves, the state of masters”). During the First World War the slaves took power from their masters and founded (already for the first time in the history of a mankind) the Empire of slaves that existed almost 75 years until 1991. For that period, in other words during the existence of the Empire of slaves some of the slaves’ children, to be more precise, their grandchildren received education and saw in the mirror of the history their unattractive reflection as to the present and revolted. There were more than enough reasons– the country retreated not just to feudalism, but back to elementary slavery incompatible with the general trend of development of a mankind. As a result there was just another revolution following which the empire disappeared.
     In short, this happened 15 years ago.
     Of course, revolution is always a tragedy. For everybody. Even for those who want changes. You see, any destruction is a catastrophe, even if it has the temporary nature. However, there is a limit to human’s life. He came to this world just for a short period of time. He wants to live this time span enjoying the maximum comfort. That is why any disaster is taken negatively by him. Even if it has the good aims as its object. However, the temporary inhabitant doesn’t care about historical cataclysms. He needs the momentary “peace and quiet”. That is all. That is why he reacts to any historical excesses in accordance with his ideas of his life’s meaning and goals.
     When the empire fell his peaceful life order fell as well. So, what represented itself this so called order of our sovok (Soviet Union)? First of all, It was stable and comparatively safe existence in the environment one was accustomed to from one’s very childhood, as well as the possibility to live in accordance with the established traditions – in one’s childhood, youth, mature age, old age, and finally going to a better world. That was what a common man needed. However, the revolution broke the usual order. Everything went wrong, not as it used to be.
     The former slave, accustomed to that his chiefs thought for him, found himself along with his problems. He became his own master. Though, he wasn’t prepared to this way of life, because he didn’t used to think on his own and moreover to take the responsible actions, because from his very childhood he was learned to an implicit obedience. That is the tragedy.
     At the same moment the initiators of the revolution – the most enlightened men, started calling to the consciousness of the civil society that could not only lead to democracy, but even influence the authorities and govern them. However, at this moment the revolution suffocated, because it appeared that there were no people who could form the civil society, in other words people who value their freedom and human dignity higher that their lives. In Russia these people constituted only a few. And the rest 90 per cent of the country’s population were the descendants of the slaves who never knew neither freedom, nor human dignity. The rest 10 per cent - the freedom loving citizens, who weren’t killed by the soviet authority and who survived by a miracle during Stalin’s repressions, couldn’t carry the matter to its logical conclusion. They provoked the last revolution. However, the crowd didn’t follow them: too odd was the new life for a slave, to whom the democrat appealed. The hereditary slave needs nothing but “good and kind master”. That is all. He doesn’t need another life.
     That was the outcome of the revolution of 1991. And Russian people chose the apt and usual master – KGB (State Security Committee). The slave chose the whip that was known well enough from the nearest past. You know, after the whip comes the order (although the camp one). As far as the cake concerns we will steal it. Such were the considerations of the slave. In short, one wanted democracy, but obtained autocracy again. This is all because we have such people. This people don’t need democracy.
     This conclusion is not without grounds. You need facts? Here you are. “The President came from KGB, Prime Minister from KGB, Minister of Defense from KGB, Minister of the Internal Affairs from KGB, Minister of Security from KGB as well. The President’s Administration - all from our ranks. Should I continue or that’s enough? And don’t complain! We didn’t impose on you, did we? It were you who voted for us, weren’t you?” (Maksim Kantor. Drawing Manual, Moscow, v. 2, 656 pages).
     This is the present day, in other words, starting from 1999. What was yesterday? Yesterday was the chaos and devastation. The factories and plants stopped their existence. People, who got used to live from one salary to another, started living in misery. Everybody survived as one could. One couldn’t see the long-term prospects. People started living with the present day. Those who were wiser decided postponing with the birth of their children. They considered that there was no sense in producing the poverty and decided postponing this luxury for more settled times (in 1987 there were born 2,5 million children, in 1999 – only 1,215). Those who used to drown one's sorrows in drink (they represent the majority in Russia), gave up on everything and kept on leading their usual careless life. So, few millions of homeless children were born in Russia, who became bums having living parents.
     There was a drastic increase of death-rate. All together with the reduce of birth-rate the population of the country not only stopped growing, but started reducing drastically – almost for one million per year. The demographers sounded the alarm, because according to their most decent calculations the population of the country will keep on reducing, but not for one million every year, but will reach one and a half million per year. You know, the birth-rate statistics is still unsatisfactory.
     Mortality of the male part of the population is of the most concern. Today the average life expectancy of men in Russia is 59 years. The cause of this according to the experts’ statements is the general hard drinking. One third of all deaths in Russia somehow or other related to the abuse of alcohol.
     The number of disabled persons for these 15 years increased as well. This is also directly related to the life conditions. Yet, this is not all.
     Except for the natural mortality that reduced the country’s population after the revolution there was also the emigration or flow-out of so called brains from Russia. The most intellectual part of the country escapes emigrating from Russia despaired of finding an application to their abilities or their favorable realization. All in all these people represent a small percentage of the population. The more substantial is their lack against a background of their mass emigration. Even without it Russia always suffered from bad roads and fools. However, today these problems became very acute: the roads haven’t built long ago, when the number of fools per capita is increasing. According to the latest data for the given period more than million high-qualified experts and scientists left the country. And this trend preserves. For example in Silicon Valley in United States Russian language is as widespread as English.
     Finally, in 15 years the brilliant minds in Duma (Russian Parliament) figured out that it’s high time to stop this improper bacchanalia. Though, as any ordinary politicians remarkable for their superficiality the parliamentarians can’t get at the heart of things. That is why they proposed first to invite to Russia all Russians living in the CIS countries in order to reimburse the losses of Russian nation (as though there were ever Russian nation in Russia). According to their estimations about 20 million Russians are living in CIS and they have to be returned back to Russia.
     What should I say! Instead of creating conditions for fruitful activity within Russia our clever heads (there is no other) propose the foreign Russian people to come to Russia and restore here the ruined economy. They are unable to fix it themselves. Although, they have such amount of money that they don’t know what to do with them (one more undisputable showing of “the country of fools”: the state has a bulk of money, but its citizens are living in misery).
     One of the reasons of the economic decline was mentioned the lack of the qualified employees in the country. Indeed, the demographic situation in Russia resulted in the lack of employees. This is true. That is why every entrepreneur is eager to employ gastarbeiters from Central Asia, Caucasus, Moldova, Ukraine, Byelorussia, and North Koreans and Chinese on the Far East. However, his attitude towards local employees is suspicious, because gastarbeiter works better – more productively and without the long breaks for smoking and boozes. This pave doesn’t suit the solid Russian man. He didn’t used to this kind of work. You see, for centuries the Russian man worked only under constraint. He never had property that is why he had no interest in his labor. He never felt the need in labor. He worked either for a landlord, or for a community, but never for himself. So, he worked out such way of working with laziness and without any initiative that generation after generation went into genes, because for centuries it was always so. For Russian man the labor wasn’t the barest necessity, but compulsion. The thousand year slavery worked out an allergy to labor in him. Even Russian fairytales reflect this dislike towards labor. Suffice it to recall the Russian epic about Ilya Muromets who before performing his exploits spent 33 years laying on the furnace. Then he got up, straightened his shoulders and started shattering the enemies. However, he never busied himself with the despicable labor. Here it is the blue dream of every slave.
     Thus, when there was no more whip (after the revolution) the man got frustrated, because he didn’t used to work without whip. After gaining the freedom of choice he chose wild drinking. That is why Russian man is not a godsend for any entrepreneur or employer. He will always prefer gastarbeiter. Gastarbeiter works in order to send the earned money to his family living abroad. Russian man works in order to buy booze for earned money. He can’t compete in free labor with gastarbeiter, because his rival doesn’t take to drink, thus creating the unequal conditions for competition for Russian man. That is why for a local inhabitant the rival is an enemy who has to be either killed or ousted. In case this won’t be done the immigrant would finally supplant the local man from the labor market.
     This simple theorem was unraveled in Kremlin and (especially after Kondopoga) the decision of Solomon was adopted: the number of gastarbeiters is to be limited (to six million) in order to equalize the positions of the competitors (immigrants and locals). Hell with the unprofitability of the labor of the national employees. The main thing is that they vote for this Government.
     … In general, it is clear for every sober person that the competitive process is quite natural phenomenon. Competition is the progress’ engine. The same thing happens in the nature, it is called the natural selection. You have to either met the required standards – to achieve this you should do your best, or you will be thrown to the edge of the road. And it is right. The man mustn’t degrade, but develop. However, our man already can’t be changed. The slavish mentality was cultivated in Russia almost for thousand years. You can’t get rid of it by issuing an order, because it took roots in the genes, in the consciousness, and culture. It requires many generations to pass in order to "to squeeze a slave out of oneself drop by drop" (A. Chekhov).
     But there is another way – the shorter one. This is the rotation of the country’s population, in other words, replacement of slaves with people who had forgotten their slavish traditions and their slavish way of life long ago. With this goal one should open the boundaries and remove all the barriers for immigrants who wish to show their labor and intellectual abilities on the territory of Russia as it was made in USA in the 19th and 20th centuries. One could see on the pattern of modern America how effective this policy turned to be. As far as the local population concerns that was unable to compete with the passionarity of the immigrants; America used to face the same problems with American Indians who were unable to adapt quickly to new conditions. However, this problem was finally solved. Now everybody is happy: both American-immigrants and indigenous American Indians…
     Recently Duma eventually passed exceptionally progressive law that simplifies the process of legalization of gastarbeiters, as their number in Russia already reached ten million people. However, this is just a little step in that direction that I was mentioned above. In case this idea will be developed and carried to its logical conclusion Russia would repeat America’s way (with one and a half century delay), and come up with it and even leave it behind on all the figures literally something like for a half century.
     However, in order that this would happen Russia needs a Great Governor who will be able to reject the racist – chauvinistic moods of certain social groups, and rise above them and make Russia one of the greatest countries in the world.
     However, I haven’t seen such person yet.

     January, 2007


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